Background. A subset of patients presenting with a presumed diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) have a fixed left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Recognition of this pathophysiologic abnormality is important in choosing therapy.Methods. Of patients referred for treatment of HOCM, 4 had fixed LVOT obstruction. Clinical and echocardiographic data and surgical findings were reviewed.Results. In the 4 patients with clinical features consistent with HOCM or HOCM-like conditions, echocardiography showed fixed LVOT obstruction with an early-peaking LVOT Doppler signal or absence of severe systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve. The causes of fixed obstruction included accessory mitral tissue with associated fibrous ring (1 patient), fixed subaortic tunnel stenosis (2 patients), and a discreet subaortic ridge (1 patient). After surgical relief of the fixed LVOT obstruction, all patients had relief of the ventricular outflow tract gradient.Conclusions. Not all patients with a presumed diagnosis of HOCM have isolated dynamic LVOT obstruction but may have isolated or additional fixed obstruction. Careful two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography are needed to identify this subset of patients who are best treated surgically. Copyright (C) 1999 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine