Expression of functional prostaglandin D (DP) receptors in human corpus cavernosum smooth muscle

R. B. Moreland, A. Nehra, N. N. Kim, Kweon sik Min, H. Albadawi, M. T. Watkins, I. Goldstein, A. M. Traish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) binds to specific G-protein coupled receptors (DP) and induces smooth muscle relaxation by stimulating the synthesis of intracellular cAMP. In this study, we examined the role of PGD2 and DP receptors in regulating human penile smooth muscle contractility. We determined that human corpus cavernosum tissue and smooth muscle cells in culture expressed functional DP receptor and lipocalin-like prostaglandin D synthase by reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Functional PGD synthase activity was confirmed by the synthesis of PGD2 in human corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells upon addition of exogenous arachidonic acid. Organ bath preparations of human corpus cavernosum tissue strips, contracted with phenylephrine, relaxed in a dose-dependent fashion to either PGD2 or the DP selective agonist BW245C. Cultures of human corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells treated with BW245C showed a two-fold increase in cAMP synthesis. These data are consistent with the expression of functional DP receptors in human corpus cavernosum. This suggests the presence of an intact prostanoid autocrine system that may play a role in regulating penile erectile function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-452
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Impotence Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2002


  • Corpus cavernosum
  • DP receptor
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Lipocalin PGD synthase
  • PGD
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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