Evaluating neurosurgical biopsies for CNS tumor diagnoses: An algorithmic and pattern based approach

M. Adelita Vizcaino, Aditya Raghunathan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The 2016 and 2021 World Health Organization (WHO) Classifications of Tumors of the Central Nervous System (CNS) reflect the importance of integrating molecular analysis into CNS tumor diagnosis and classification, adding to the complexity of any surgical neuropathology practice. On the other hand, our evolving understanding of genomic alterations across the spectrum of CNS tumors highlights the importance of utilizing traditional histological and immunohistochemical approaches to first establish as accurate a diagnosis as possible. Such an approach is also essential to recognizing the most appropriate ancillary test(s) needed for accurate classification and grading of CNS tumors. Here, we present an algorithmic approach to be considered while evaluating surgical neuropathology biopsies, which includes a recognition of main histological patterns, and incorporates clinical and radiologic features, to assist with accurate diagnosis and optimal selection of subsequent ancillary testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S99-S110
JournalIndian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • Algorithm
  • CNS tumors
  • pattern-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Microbiology (medical)


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