Seizures are often the first manifestation of central nervous system dysfunction and are common in many inborn errors of metabolism, especially in neonates, infants, and children. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose inborn errors of metabolism as the cause of seizures. It is also important to recognize these metabolic disorders early, as specific disease-modifying treatments are available for some with favorable long-term outcomes. This review discusses the classification of metabolic disorders as a cause of seizures based on pathogenesis and age and proposes a tiered approach for cost-effective diagnosis of metabolic disorders.
- pathogenesis metabolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology