Endoscopic Management of Recalcitrant Marginal Ulcers by Covering the Ulcer Bed

Sindhu Barola, Lea Fayad, Christine Hill, Thomas Magnuson, Michael Schweitzer, Vikesh Singh, Yen I. Chen, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Mouen A. Khashab, Anthony N. Kalloo, Vivek Kumbhari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Management options for marginal ulcers (MU) vary from medical therapy to revision surgery. Medical therapy is often ineffective and revision surgery is associated with a high morbidity and possible recurrence. Aims: To evaluate technical feasibility, efficacy, and safety of endoscopic management of MU by covering the ulcer bed using oversewing and/or deploying a fully covered self-expandable metallic stent (FCSEMS). Methods: Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic suturing and/or FCSEMS deployment for recalcitrant MU between August 2016 and June 2017 at a single academic center were reviewed. Recalcitrant MU was defined as an ulcer that persists after 6 to 8 weeks despite maximal medical therapy (open capsule PPI, 40 mg bid as well as sucralfate qid), cessation of smoking and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and Helicobacter pylori eradication. Results: Eleven patients (age range 31–60; all females) with mean BMI of 27.72 ± 5.93 kg/m2 underwent endoscopic suturing and/or stent deployment for recalcitrant MU with abdominal pain at a median of 50 months (range 3–120) post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Seven patients were managed by oversewing, two were managed by FCSEMS, and two patients required both. Technical success was 100%. All patients reported resolution of abdominal pain at 1 week. Surveillance endoscopy performed in 10/11 (90.9%) patients at 8 weeks revealed complete ulcer healing in 9/10 (90%). No adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Endoscopic management is an effective and safe method to treat MU and should be considered an alternative to surgical revision. It appears effective for perforated and recalcitrant MU.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2252-2260
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018


  • Abdominal pain
  • Endoscopic suturing
  • Marginal ulcer
  • Oversew
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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