Elimination of Cross-Relaxation Effects from Two-Dimensional Chemical-Exchange Spectra of Macromolecules

Jasna Fejzo, Slobodan Macura, Jasna Fejzo, William M. Westler, John L. Markley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


We demonstrate here a method for eliminating cross-relaxation effects from exchange spectra of macromolecules that permits a more rigorous study of chemical-exchange processes. In the spin diffusion limit, the laboratory-frame cross-relaxationrate is negative and equal to half the rotating-frame cross-relaxation rate, which is positive. If, during the mixing time, the magnetization is flipped rapidly between the two frames such that the average residence time in the NOESY:ROESY framesis 2:1, then the magnetization exchange due to cross-relaxation will cancel out and be removed. Since chemical exchangetakes place steadily, irrespective of the frame of reference, it will contribute to cross-peak volumes in the usual manner. Thisapproach has been applied to the elimination of cross-relaxation effects from the 2D exchange spectrum of a small globularprotein, turkey ovomucoid third domain (6062 Da). The results demonstrate that tyrosine-31 executes ring flips on the millisecondtime scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2574-2577
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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