To determine the ability of extracellular myocardial tissue pH measured with an intramural electrode to reflect myocardial intracellular metabolic status during normothermic ischemia, we studied 14 open-chest dogs with in vivo phosphorus 31-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy during left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion (experimental group, group I, n = 7) or after a sham operation (control group, nonischemic, group II, n = 7). Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectra were acquired every 5 minutes at 4.7 tesla (256 averages, TR = 1000 msec, pulse width = 30 μsec) with a 2 cm two-turn radiofrequency surface coil. Intracellular myocardial adenosine triphosphate peak area was normalized to an external phosphate standard. The change in adenosine triphosphate peak area was expressed as percent of baseline value. During 3 hours of normothermic ischemia the observed extracellular myocardial pH correlated with nuclear magnetic resonance- calculated myocardial pH in the ischemic dogs with an average r value of 0.94 (p < 0.0001). During this same interval, the fall in extracellular myocardial pH correlated with the loss of adenosine triphosphate peak in each ischemic dog, with an average r value of 0.91 (p < 0.0001). Thus extracellular myocardial pH, measured with an intramural electrode, correlated with nuclear magnetic resonance-derived myocardial pH and loss of myocyte adenosine triphosphate peak content and reflected the metabolic status of the myocyte during ischemia. These data validate the use of extracellular myocardial pH to assess the adequacy of myocardial preservation during aortic crossclamping for cardiac operations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine