Effects of sex and gender on adaptations to space: Reproductive health

April E. Ronca, Ellen S. Baker, Tamara G. Bavendam, Kevin D. Beck, Virginia M. Miller, Joseph S. Tash, Marjorie Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


In this report, sex/gender research relevant to reproduction on Earth, in conjunction with the extant human and animal observations in space, was used to identify knowledge gaps and prioritize recommendations for future sex- and gender-specific surveillance and monitoring of male and female astronauts. With overall increased durations of contemporary space missions, a deeper understanding of sex/gender effects on reproduction-related responses and adaptations to the space environment is warranted to minimize risks and insure healthy aging of the men and women who travel into space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)967-974
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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