Effectiveness of a Daily Rounding Checklist on Processes of Care and Outcomes in Diverse Pediatric Intensive Care Units across the World

Rahul Kashyap, Srinivas Murthy, Grace M. Arteaga, Yue Dong, Lindsey Cooper, Tanja Kovacevic, Chetak Basavaraja, Hong Ren, Lina Qiao, Guoying Zhang, Kannan Sridharan, Ping Jin, Tao Wang, Ilisapeci Tuibeqa, An Kang, Mandyam Dhanti Ravi, Ebru Ongun, Ognjen Gajic, Sandeep Tripathi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Implementation of checklists has been shown to be effective in improving patient safety. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of implementation of a checklist for daily care processes into clinical practice of pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) with limited resources. Methods: Prospective before after study in eight PICUs from China, Congo, Croatia, Fiji, and India after implementation of a daily checklist into the ICU rounds. Results: Seven hundred and thirty-five patients from eight centers were enrolled between 2015 and 2017. Baseline stage had 292 patients and post-implementation 443. The ICU length of stay postimplementation decreased significantly [9.4 (4 15.5) vs. 7.3 (3.4 13.4) days, p 0.01], with a nominal improvement in the hospital length of stay [15.4 (8.4 25) vs. 12.6 (7.5 24.4) days, p 0.055]. The hospital mortality and ICU mortality between baseline group and post-implementation group did not show a significant difference, 14.4% vs. 11.3%; p 0.22 for each. There was a variable impact of checklist implementation on adherence to various processes of care recommendations. A decreased exposure in days was noticed for; mechanical ventilation from 42.6% to 33.8%, p0.01; central line from 31.3% to 25.3%, p0.01; and urinary catheter from 30.6% to 24.4%, p0.01. Although there was an increased utilization of antimicrobials (89.9 93.2%, p0.01). Conclusions: Checklists for the treatment of acute illness and injury in the PICU setting marginally impacted the outcome and processes of care. The intervention led to increasing adherence with guidelines in multiple ICU processes and led to decreased length of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberfmaa058
JournalJournal of Tropical Pediatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • LMIC
  • checklists
  • critical care
  • patient safety
  • pediatric
  • quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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