BACKGROUND: It remains unclear if sonography accurately describes the severity of gallstone disease. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled if urgent cholecystectomy was indicated. Two radiologists, blinded to operative findings, evaluated the patients' ultrasound imagings. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed within 48 hours. The operative findings regarding gallbladder wall thickness and inflammation were compared to ultrasound results and histology. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients completed the study. Ultrasound studies exhibited a sensitivity of 60% for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis compared to the findings at operation and 52% relative to the histologic findings. Specificity for acute cholecystitis diagnosed on ultrasound examination was 77% compared to findings at operation and 71% relative to histologic findings. The correlation coefficient of the wall thickness at ultrasound and surgery was 0.18: 0.24 for ultrasound and histology and 0.5 for surgery and histology. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound's ability to predict acute cholecystitis in patients with clinical symptoms appears limited.
ASJC Scopus subject areas