Distinct TCR signaling pathways drive proliferation and cytokine production in T cells

Clifford S. Guy, Kate M. Vignali, Jamshid Temirov, Matthew L. Bettini, Abigail E. Overacre, Matthew Smeltzer, Hui Zhang, Johannes B. Huppa, Yu Hwai Tsai, Camille Lobry, Jianming Xie, Peter J. Dempsey, Howard C. Crawford, Iannis Aifantis, Mark M. Davis, Dario A A Vignali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The physiological basis and mechanistic requirements for a large number of functional immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs; high ITAM multiplicity) in the complex of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and the invariant signaling protein CD3 remain obscure. Here we found that whereas a low multiplicity of TCR-CD3 ITAMs was sufficient to engage canonical TCR-induced signaling events that led to cytokine secretion, a high multiplicity of TCR-CD3 ITAMs was required for TCR-driven proliferation. This was dependent on the formation of compact immunological synapses, interaction of the adaptor Vav1 with phosphorylated CD3 ITAMs to mediate the recruitment and activation of the oncogenic transcription factor Notch1 and, ultimately, proliferation induced by the cell-cycle regulator c-Myc. Analogous mechanistic events were also needed to drive proliferation in response to weak peptide agonists. Thus, the TCR-driven pathways that initiate cytokine secretion and proliferation are separable and are coordinated by the multiplicity of phosphorylated ITAMs in TCR-CD3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Immunology
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 3 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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