Defective metabolic signaling in adenylate kinase AK1 gene knock-out hearts compromises post-ischemic coronary reflow

Petras P. Dzeja, Peter Bast, Darko Pucar, Be Wieringa, Andre Terzic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Matching blood flow to myocardial energy demand is vital for heart performance and recovery following ischemia. The molecular mechanisms responsible for transduction of myocardial energetic signals into reactive vasodilatation are, however, elusive. Adenylate kinase, associated with AMP signaling, is a sensitive reporter of the cellular energy state, yet the contribution of this phosphotransfer system in coupling myocardial metabolism with coronary flow has not been explored. Here, knock out of the major adenylate kinase isoform, AK1, disrupted the synchrony between inorganic phosphate P i turnover at ATP-consuming sites and γ-ATP exchange at ATP synthesis sites, as revealed by 18O-assisted 31P NMR. This reduced energetic signal communication in the post-ischemic heart. AK1 gene deletion blunted vascular adenylate kinase phosphotransfer, compromised the contractility-coronary flow relationship, and precipitated inadequate coronary reflow following ischemia-reperfusion. Deficit in adenylate kinase activity abrogated AMP signal generation and reduced the vascular adenylate kinase/creatine kinase activity ratio essential for the response of metabolic sensors. The sarcolemma-associated splice variant AK1β facilitated adenosine production, a function lost in the absence of adenylate kinase activity. Adenosine treatment bypassed AK1 deficiency and restored post-ischemic flow to wild-type levels, achieving phenotype rescue. AK1 phosphotransfer thus transduces stress signals into adequate vascular response, providing linkage between cell bioenergetics and coronary flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31366-31372
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number43
StatePublished - Oct 26 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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