Defecatory disorders are a common cause of chronic constipation in Parkinson disease

Shivabalan Kathavarayan Ramu, Nicholas R. Oblizajek, Rodolfo Savica, Zainali S. Chunawala, Brototo Deb, Adil E. Bharucha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aims: Up to 50% of patients with Parkinson disease have constipation (PD-C), but the prevalence of defecatory disorders caused by rectoanal dyscoordination in PD-C is unknown. We aimed to compare anorectal function of patients with PD-C versus idiopathic chronic constipation (CC). Methods: Anorectal pressures, rectal sensation, and rectal balloon expulsion time (BET) were measured with high-resolution anorectal manometry (HR-ARM) in patients with PD-C and control patients with CC, matched for age and sex. Results: We identified 97 patients with PD-C and 173 control patients. Eighty-six patients with PD-C (89%) had early PD, and 39 (40%) had a defecatory disorder, manifest by a prolonged rectal balloon expulsion time (37 patients) or a lower rectoanal pressure difference during evacuation (2 patients). PD-C patients with a prolonged BET had a greater anal resting pressure (p = 0.02), a lower rectal pressure increment (p = 0.005), greater anal pressure (p = 0.047), and a lower rectoanal pressure difference during evacuation (p < 0.001). Rectal sensory thresholds were greater in patients with abnormal BET. In the multivariate model comparing CC and PD-C (AUROC = 0.76), PD-C was associated with a lower anal squeeze increment (odds ratio [OR] for PD-C, 0.93 [95% CI, 0.91–0.95]), longer squeeze duration (OR, 1.05 [95% CI, 1.03–1.08]), lower rectal pressure increment (OR per 10 mm Hg, 0.72 [95% CI, 0.66–0.79]), and negative rectoanal gradient during evacuation (OR per 10 mm Hg, 1.16 [95% CI, 1.08–1.26]). Conclusions: Compared with CC, PD-C was characterized by impaired squeeze pressure, longer squeeze duration, lower increase in rectal pressure, and a more negative rectoanal gradient during evacuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14767
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • biofeedback therapy
  • colon transit
  • dopamine
  • dyssynergia
  • parkinsonism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

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