Cricopharyngeal Myotomy in Inclusion Body Myositis: Comparison of Endoscopic and Transcervical Approaches

Ryan A. McMillan, Andrew J. Bowen, Semirra L. Bayan, Jan L. Kasperbauer, Dale C. Ekbom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a progressive inflammatory myopathy with dysphagia as a debilitating sequalae. Otolaryngologists are consulted for surgical candidacy when there are findings of cricopharyngeal dysfunction. We aim to compare transcervical cricopharyngeal myotomy (TCPM) versus endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy (ECPM) in the IBM population with particular focus on objective swallow study outcomes, complications, and recurrence rates. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on IBM patients who underwent TCPM or ECPM (1981–2020) in the Department of Otolaryngology at a tertiary academic center with a high volume IBM referral base. Videofluoroscopic swallow studies, Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10), Reflux Symptom Index (RSI), and Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale (FOSS) were collected at preoperative and follow-up visits. Baseline patient characteristics, intraoperative data, and postoperative course were recorded. Results: Forty-one patients were identified (18 TCPM; 23 ECPM). There was no significant difference in the recurrence rates, complications, hospitalization length, operative time, or return to preoperative diet between approaches. For the 12 patients (11 ECPM; 1 TCPM) that had subjective swallow data, there was a statistically significant difference in the pre and postoperative scores for EAT-10, RSI, and FOSS (P <.05). There was a statistically significant improvement in the degree of narrowing between pre and postoperative imaging for both approaches (P <.05). Conclusion: Both TCPM and ECPM are safe approaches for the management of dysphagia in patients with IBM with objective evidence of cricopharyngeal dysfunction. Cricopharyngeal myotomy is a durable technique that has demonstrated improved subjective and objective outcomes in this patient population. Level of Evidence: 3 Laryngoscope, 131:E2426–E2431, 2021.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2426-E2431
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Swallowing/dysphagia
  • cricopharyngeal myotomy
  • dysphagia surgery
  • inclusion body myositis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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