Commotio cordis: A review

Ritesh G. Menezes, Huda Fatima, Syed Ather Hussain, Saba Ahmed, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Magdy A. Kharoshah, Mohammed Madadin, Pradhum Ram, Sadip Pant, Sushil Allen Luis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Commotio cordis is an increasingly reported fatal mechano-electric syndrome and is the second most common cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. It is most commonly associated with a sports-related injury, wherein, there is a high-velocity impact between a projectile and the precordium. By virtue of this impact, malignant arrhythmias consequently develop leading to the individual’s immediate demise, accompanied by a relatively normal post-mortem analysis. The importance of an autopsy remains paramount to exclude other causes of sudden death. With increasing awareness and reporting, survival rates are beginning to improve; however, prevention of the development of this condition remains the best approach for survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalMedicine, Science and the Law
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


  • Commotio cordis
  • arrhythmia
  • autopsy
  • blunt impact to the chest
  • sudden cardiac death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Health Policy
  • Law


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