Clinical outcomes of first- and second-generation hydrogel coils compared with bare platinum coils: a systematic literature review

Karl R. Abi-Aad, Rudy J. Rahme, Devi P. Patra, Evelyn L. Turcotte, Kent R. Richter, Sarah A. Merrill, Arjun Syal, Matthew R. Neville, Miles Hudson, Jose O. Garcia, Rabih G. Tawk, Brian W. Chong, Chandan Krishna, Bernard R. Bendok

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Endovascular coiling has revolutionized intracranial aneurysm treatment; however, recurrence continues to represent a major limitation. The hydrogel coil was developed to increase packing density and improve neck healing and therefore decrease recurrence rates. In this paper, we review treatment outcomes of first- (1HCs) and second-generation (2HCs) hydrogel coils and compare them to those of bare platinum coils (BPC). A query of multiple databases was performed. Articles with at least 10 aneurysms treated with either 1HC or 2HC were selected for analysis. Collected data included aneurysm size, rupture status, initial occlusion, initial residual neck/aneurysm, packing density, mortality, morbidity, recurrence, and retreatment rates. The primary endpoint was recurrence at final follow-up. Secondary endpoints included residual neck and dome rates as well as procedure-related complications and functional dependence at final follow-up. Studies that compared 1HC to BPC showed significant lower recurrence (24% vs. 30.8%, p = 0.02) and higher packing density (58.5% vs. 24.1%, p < 0.001) in 1HC but no significant difference in initial occlusion rate (p = 0.08). Studies that compared 2HC to BPC showed lower recurrence (6.3% vs. 14.3%, p = 0.007) and retreatment rates (3.4% vs. 7.7%, p = 0.010) as well as higher packing density (36.4% vs. 29.2%, p = 0.002) in 2HC, with similar initial occlusion rate (p = 0.86). The rate of complications was not statistically different between HC (25.5%) and BPC (22.6%, p = 0.06). Based on our review, the 1HC and 2HC achieved higher packing density and lower recurrence rates compared to BPC. The safety profile was similar between both groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1873-1882
Number of pages10
JournalNeurosurgical Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • Bare platinum coil
  • Coil embolization
  • Endovascular
  • HydroCoil embolic system
  • Intracranial aneurysm
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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