Caveolin-1 and force regulation in porcine airway smooth muscle

Venkatachalem Sathish, Binxia Yang, Lucas W. Meuchel, Sarah K. VanOosten, Alexander J. Ryu, Michael A. Thompson, Y. S. Prakash, Christina M. Pabelick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Caveolae are specialized membrane microdomains expressing the scaffolding protein caveolin-1. We recently demonstrated the presence of caveolae in human airway smooth muscle (ASM) and the contribution of caveolin-1 to intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) regulation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that caveolin-1 regulates ASM contractility. We examined the role of caveolins in force regulation of porcine ASM under control conditions as well as TNF-α-induced airway inflammation. In porcine ASM strips, exposure to 10 mM methyl-β-cyclodextrin (CD) or 5 μM of the caveolin-1 specific scaffolding domain inhibitor peptide (CSD) resulted in time-dependent decrease in force responses to 1 μM ACh. Overnight exposure to the cytokine TNF-α (50 ng/ml) accelerated and increased caveolin-1 expression and enhanced force responses to ACh. Suppression of caveolin-1 with small interfering RNA mimicked the effects of CD or CSD. Regarding mechanisms by which caveolae contribute to contractile changes, inhibition of MAP kinase with 10 μM PD98059 did not alter control or TNF-α-induced increases in force responses to ACh. However, inhibiting RhoA with 100 μM fasudil or 10 μM Y27632 resulted in significant decreases in force responses, with lesser effects in TNF-α exposed samples. Furthermore, Ca2+ sensitivity for force generation was substantially reduced by fasudil or Y27632, an effect even more enhanced in the absence of caveolin-1 signaling. Overall, these results indicate that caveolin-1 is a critical player in enhanced ASM contractility with airway inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L920-L929
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • Caveolae
  • Cytokine
  • Inflammation
  • Lung
  • MAP kinase
  • RhoA
  • Small interfering RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology


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