Carcinoid Pulmonary Valvulopathy Evaluated by Real-time 3-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiography

Kyung Jin Lee, Heidi M. Connolly, Patricia A. Pellikka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A 55-year-old woman with carcinoid valvular heart disease was referred for consideration of right-sided valve replacement. By transthoracic 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, there was severe tricuspid regurgitation and mild right ventricular dysfunction. The pulmonary valve was thickened with annular constriction and severe regurgitation. Real-time 3-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography provided an en face view of pulmonary valve from the right ventricular outflow perspective, not obtainable by routine 2-dimensional echocardiography. Three-dimensional echocardiography may play an incremental role for the preoperative assessment of the pulmonary valve in patients with carcinoid heart disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407.e1-407.e2
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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