Cadaveric femoral fractures in a fall on the hip configuration

S. Javid, V. Kushvaha, G. Karami, S. McEligot, D. Dragomir-Daescu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


We fractured 100 cadaveric femora with different areal bone mineral density (aBMD) (normal, osteopenic, and osteoporotic) in a fall on the hip loading configuration using a mechanical testing system. Two single-axis and one multi-axis load cells measured the forces and moments in the femoral head, shaft, and the greater trochanter. Two high-speed video cameras recorded the events leading to fracture from the anterior and posterior directions. Force-displacement curve of a typical experiment showed a linear elastic region followed by post-yielding associated with sinking of the superior neck region into greater trochanter (73 of the tested femora). Fatal crack initiated in tension on the inferior region of the neck or medial shaft. Femoral strength (peak trochanteric force) exhibited strong correlation with aBMD. One-way analysis of variance showed significantly lower values for means of fracture forces and moments of osteoporotic femora compared to those of osteopenic and normal femora. Fracture forces showed very weak correlation with the femoral geometric parameters measured from CT scans. Using post-fracture CT scans and with the help of an orthopedist, the femoral fractures were classified into subcapital, transcervical, intertrochanteric and pertrochanteric. Oneway analysis of variance indicated that femora with intertrocanteric fracture had significantly lower neck aBMD than femora with pertrochanteric and transcervical fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMechanics of Biological Systems and Materials - Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2014
Event2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics - Lombard, IL, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2013Jun 5 2013

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652


Other2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLombard, IL


  • Bone mineral density
  • Cadaveric femur
  • Fall-on-the-hip
  • Fracture testing
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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