Behavioral control of exercise in adults: Studies 7 and 8

Christi A. Patten, Colin A. Armstrong, John E. Martin, James F. Sallis, Jennifer Booth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Building on our previous six study series, the current studies 7 and 8 evaluated behavioral methods of improving adherence to exercise in adults. The studies tested the effectiveness of a single exercise modality versus choice of a variety of exercises and were conducted as part of a 12-week extended studies college course in San Diego, CA. Recruitment efforts were targeted to individuals who reported that they were sedentary and/or had experienced difficulty adhering to regular exercise. Participants were 42 adults (32F, 10M; mean age = 42.0) in Study 7 and 48 adults (35F, 8M; mean age = 47.9) in Study 8. In each study, subjects were randomly assigned to a single focus or variety exercise condition. There were no significant group differences in class attendance or out-of-class exercise adherence rates in Studies 7 or 8. In Study 7, significantly lower drop-out rates were detected in the single focus group (19%) than the variety condition (47.6%) (p = 0.04). No significant group differences were detected for drop-out rates in Study 8. Suggestions for further research are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-581
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


  • Behavioral modification
  • Choice
  • Exercise
  • Exercise adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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