Automated three-dimensional reconstruction of the left ventricle from multiple-axis echocardiography

Navaneetha Krishnan Rajan, Zeying Song, Kenneth R. Hoffmann, Marek Belohlavek, Eileen M. McMahon, Iman Borazjani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional echocardiography (echo) is the method of choice for noninvasive evaluation of the left ventricle (LV) function owing to its low cost, fast acquisition time, and high temporal resolution. However, it only provides the LV boundaries in discrete 2D planes, and the 3D LV geometry needs to be reconstructed from those planes to quantify LV wall motion, acceleration, and strain, or to carry out flow simulations. An automated method is developed for the reconstruction of the 3D LV endocardial surface using echo from a few standard cross sections, in contrast with the previous work that has used a series of 2D scans in a linear or rotational manner for 3D reconstruction. The concept is based on a generalized approach so that the number or type (long-axis (LA) or short-axis (SA)) of sectional data is not constrained. The location of the cross sections is optimized to minimize the difference between the reconstructed and measured cross sections, and the reconstructed LV surface is meshed in a standard format. Temporal smoothing is implemented to smooth the motion of the LV and the flow rate. This software tool can be used with existing clinical 2D echo systems to reconstruct the 3D LV geometry and motion to quantify the regional akinesis/dyskinesis, 3D strain, acceleration, and velocities, or to be used in ventricular flow simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11003
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)


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