Association of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection With Atrial Arrhythmias

Alex D. Tarabochia, Nicholas Y. Tan, Bradley R. Lewis, Joshua P. Slusser, Sharonne N. Hayes, Patricia J.M. Best, Rajiv Gulati, Abhishek J. Deshmukh, Marysia S. Tweet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The co-morbidities and long-term complications of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) are incompletely understood. This study investigated the association of atrial arrhythmias (AA), defined as atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, with SCAD in a patient registry and population-based cohort. This observational study was performed in 2 parts. The first was a retrospective study reviewing patients diagnosed with AA in the Mayo Clinic SCAD Registry. The second was a population-based, case-control study to assess AA in patients with SCAD compared with age- and gender-matched controls. Of 1,214 patients in the Mayo Clinic SCAD Registry, 45 patients (3.7%) with SCAD were identified with an AA. A total of 8 of those patients (17.8%) had a pre-SCAD AA; 20 (44.4%) had a peri-SCAD AA; and 17 (37.8%) had a post-SCAD AA. The univariate analysis did not reveal significant associations with traditional cardiovascular risk factors. In the population-based cohort, 5 patients with SCAD (4%) and 4 controls (1%) developed an AA before the date of SCAD for each patient (odds ratio 4.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05 to 19.0, p = 0.04). A total of 5 patients with SCAD (4%) and 3 controls (1%) developed an AA in the 10 years after SCAD (hazard ratio 6.3, 95% CI 1.2 to 32.8, p = 0.03). A subgroup of patients with SCAD experienced AA before and after SCAD. Patients with a history of SCAD were more likely to develop AA in the next 10 years than were age- and gender-matched healthy controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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