Association between appendectomy and risk of primary sclerosing cholangitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Karn Wijarnpreecha, Panadeekarn Panjawatanan, Omar Y. Mousa, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Surakit Pungpapong, Patompong Ungprasert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background/objectives: Recent epidemiologic studies have suggested that appendectomy could be a risk factor for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) although the results were inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to summarize all available evidence. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE database through January 2018 to identify all studies that reported the risk of PSC among individuals who had appendectomy versus those with no history of appendectomy. Effect estimates from each study were extracted and combined together using the random-effect, generic inverse variance method of DerSimonian and Laird. Results: A total of 6 case-control studies with 2432 participants met the eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. The risk of PSC in individuals who had appendectomy was significantly higher than those with no history of appendectomy with the pooled odds ratio of 1.37 (95% CI: 1.15–1.63). The statistical heterogeneity was insignificant with an I2 of 0%. Conclusions: A significantly increased risk of PSC among individuals who had a history of appendectomy was found in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-442
Number of pages7
JournalClinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2018


  • Appendectomy
  • Appendix
  • Meta-analysis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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