Antifungal prophylaxis in lung transplant: A survey of United States' transplant centers

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5 Scopus citations


Background: Antifungal prophylaxis strategies for lung transplant recipients vary without consensus or standard of care. Our current study aims to identify antifungal prophylaxis practices in the United States. Methods: From November 29, 2018, to February 15, 2019, we emailed surveys to medical directors of adult lung transplant centers. An alternate physician representative was approached if continued non-response after three survey attempts. Descriptive statistics were used to report findings. Results: Forty-four of 62 (71.0%) eligible centers responded. All Organ Procurement and Transplantation Networks were represented. Only four (9.1%) centers used pre-transplant prophylaxis for prevention of tracheobronchitis (3 of 4) and invasive fungal disease (4 of 4). Thirty-nine of forty (97.5%) centers used post-transplant prophylaxis: 36 (90.0%) universal and 3 (7.5%) pre-emptive/selective prophylaxis. Most centers used nebulized amphotericin with a systemic agent (26 of 36, 72.2%). Thirty-two of thirty-six (88.9%) centers continued universal prophylaxis beyond the hospital setting. Duration of prophylaxis ranged from the post-transplant hospitalization to lifelong with most centers (25 of 36, 69.4%) discontinuing prophylaxis 6 months or less post-transplant. Conclusion: Most United States' lung transplant centers utilize a universal prophylaxis with nebulized amphotericin and a systemic triazole for 6 months or less post-transplant. Very few centers use pre-transplant antifungal prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13630
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2019


  • Aspergillus
  • antifungal prophylaxis
  • azole
  • fungal infections
  • lung transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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