Antibody-based immunotherapy for treatment of immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis

Ricardo D. Parrondo, Umair Majeed, Taimur Sher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is a clonal plasma cell disorder characterised by production and deposition of misfolded monoclonal light chains in vital organs with potential to cause irreversible organ damage. The treatment of AL amyloidosis has evolved along the lines of multiple myeloma (MM) owing to clonal plasma cells being at the root of both disease processes. Treatment with melphalan and autologous haematopoietic cell transplantation, as well as proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory agents, are the standard of care for AL amyloidosis. While these treatment modalities are highly effective against the neoplastic plasma cells, patients often relapse and those with advanced disease may be unable to tolerate these treatments due to side-effects. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, bispecific antibodies, antibody–drug conjugates and chimeric antigen receptor T cells have revolutionised the treatment armamentarium for MM. These novel immunotherapy agents are in the early phases of evaluation and clinical development for patients with AL amyloidosis. The present review aims to discuss the role of novel immunotherapies currently in development and their potential for use in the treatment of AL amyloidosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-681
Number of pages9
JournalBritish journal of haematology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • AL amyloidosis
  • CAR-T cells
  • immunotherapy
  • monoclonal antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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