Purpose: To correlate the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies and rheumatoid factor (RF) with ocular symptoms typical of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: The records of 451 patients who had been examined by an ophthalmologist and tested for anti-CCP antibodies over a 3-year period at the Mayo Clinic were reviewed. Records of 255 patients with titers of anti-CCP and RF were analyzed for ocular surface and inflammatory disease associated with ocular RA. Results: Of the 33 anti-CCP+/RF+ patients, all were diagnosed with RA; ocular surface disease was present in 11 (33%) and inflammatory disease in 7 (21%). Of the 17 anti-CCP-/RF+ patients, 4 were diagnosed with an unspecified inflammatory arthritis and 1 with rheumatoid arthritis; a separate 5 (29%) had ocular surface disease. Out of 5 anti-CCP+/RF- patients, 3 were diagnosed with RA but none had ocular symptoms. Out of 200 anti-CCP-/RF- patients, 32 (16%) had ocular surface disease and 2 (1%) had ocular inflammation. Of the 74 patients diagnosed with any form of inflammatory arthritis, anti-CCP+/RF+ patients had more and worse inflammatory ocular RA disease compared to the other groups. Conclusions: Patients who were both anti-CCP and RF positive tended to have more and worse ocular disease. In patients diagnosed with an inflammatory arthritis, the presence of anti-CCP antibodies and RF provides useful information to ophthalmologists for identifying patients most at risk for inflammatory ocular disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2008|
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