An Informatics Approach to Implement Support for Shared Decision Making for Primary Prevention Statin Therapy

Siqin Ye, Aaron L. Leppin, Amy Y. Chan, Nancy Chang, Nathalie Moise, Lusine Poghosyan, Victor M. Montori, Ian Kronish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background. Shared decision making (SDM) is recommended prior to initiation of statin therapy for primary prevention but is underutilized. We designed an informatics decision-support tool to facilitate use of the Mayo Clinic Statin Choice decision aid at the point-of-care and evaluated its impact. Methods. Using an iterative approach, we designed and implemented a single-click decision-support tool embedded within the electronic health records (EHRs) to automate the calculation of 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk and populate the Statin Choice decision aid. We surveyed primary care providers at two clinics regarding their attitudes about SDM before and after deployment of intervention, as well as their usage of and perceived competence regarding SDM for primary prevention statin therapy. Three-month web traffic to the Statin Choice website was calculated before and after deployment of the intervention. Results. Pre–post surveys were completed by 60 primary care providers (24 [40%] attending physicians and 36 [60%] housestaff physicians). After deployment of the EHR tool, respondents were more aware of the Statin Choice decision aid (P < 0.001), reported being more competent regarding SDM (P = 0.047), and reported using decision aids more often when considering statin initiation (P = 0.043). There was no significant change in attitudes about SDM as measured through the Patient Provider Orientation Scale (pre 4.23 ± 0.40 v. post 4.16 ± 0.38, P = 0.11) and the SDM belief scale (pre 21.4 ± 2.1 v. post 21.1 ± 2.0, P = 0.35). Web-based usage rates for the Statin Choice decision aid increased from 3.4 to 5.2 per 1,000 outpatient clinic visits (P = 0.002). Conclusions. Implementation of a point-of-care decision-support tool increased the usage of decision aids for primary prevention statin therapy. This effect does not appear to be mediated by any concomitant changes in physician attitude toward SDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMDM Policy and Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • implementation science
  • primary prevention
  • shared decision making
  • statin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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