Objective: To develop an artificial intelligence (AI)–enabled electrocardiogram (ECG) algorithm capable of comprehensive, human-like ECG interpretation and compare its diagnostic performance against conventional ECG interpretation methods. Methods: We developed a novel AI-enabled ECG (AI-ECG) algorithm capable of complete 12-lead ECG interpretation. It was trained on nearly 2.5 million standard 12-lead ECGs from over 720,000 adult patients obtained at the Mayo Clinic ECG laboratory between 2007 and 2017. We then compared the need for human over-reading edits of the reports generated by the Marquette 12SL automated computer program, AI-ECG algorithm, and final clinical interpretations on 500 randomly selected ECGs from 500 patients. In a blinded fashion, 3 cardiac electrophysiologists adjudicated each interpretation as (1) ideal (ie, no changes needed), (2) acceptable (ie, minor edits needed), or (3) unacceptable (ie, major edits needed). Results: Cardiologists determined that on average 202 (13.5%), 123 (8.2%), and 90 (6.0%) of the interpretations required major edits from the computer program, AI-ECG algorithm, and final clinical interpretations, respectively. They considered 958 (63.9%), 1058 (70.5%), and 1118 (74.5%) interpretations as ideal from the computer program, AI-ECG algorithm, and final clinical interpretations, respectively. They considered 340 (22.7%), 319 (21.3%), and 292 (19.5%) interpretations as acceptable from the computer program, AI-ECG algorithm, and final clinical interpretations, respectively. Conclusion: An AI-ECG algorithm outperforms an existing standard automated computer program and better approximates expert over-read for comprehensive 12-lead ECG interpretation.
- Artificial intelligence
- Convolutional neural network
- ECG interpretation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine