Altered T cell repertoire usage in CD4 and CD8 subsets of multiple myeloma patients, a study of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (E9487)

Neil Kay, Traci Leong, Robert A. Kyle, Phillip Greipp, Brian Van Ness, Nancy Bone, Martin M. Oken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Previous investigations have demonstrated that an expanding circulating T cell population is able to modulate the malignant clone in multiple myeloma. More recently, an expansion of T cell subsets exhibiting a restricted T cell repertoire has been detected in some MM patients. To further elucidate if a selected T cell expansion occurs in MM, we studied the T cell receptor (TCR) variable (V) region expression from a cohort of previously diagnosed and treated MM patients (N = 37). The latter was done by assessing the reactivity of a panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for different V region families (α or β) in combination with anti-CD4 or anti-CD8, for purified blood T cells from MM patients. TCR V region usage in MM patients was compared to blood T cells from age matched (N = 13) control individuals. The multivariate analysis of variance did not uncover a difference for distribution of TCR V region usage between the normal controls and the MM cohort. However, there were individual MM patients who had expanded T cell with specific TCR V region expression when compared to the control group. Several MM patients had multiple, expanded CD4 and/or CD8 subsets based on TCR V region expression. The majority of MM patients had expanded T cell subsets that constituted less than 10% of the total blood T cell pool. However, a few MM patients (N = 3) had larger percentages (range 34-84%) of these expanded T cell subsets within their blood T (CD3+) cells. The stage of disease and treatment status (currently on or off therapy) did not associate with the pattern of restricted T cell repertoire. Finally, a smaller cohort of newly diagnosed, untreated MM patients (N = 13) also demonstrated an expanded T cell repertoire. However, these patients had more CD4 than CD8 cell subsets involved in the altered V region expression in several Vβ families. Thus, these results add to the evidence that this malignant B cell disorder whether newly diagnosed or of longer duration, may be accompanied by an altered T cell repertoire characterized in part by expanded T cell clones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1999


  • Altered T-cell repertoire
  • CD4-lymphocytes
  • CD8 lymphocytes
  • Flow cytometry
  • Lymphocyte subsets
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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