Age-associated memory impairment diagnoses: problems of reliability and concerns for terminology.

G. Smith, R. J. Ivnik, R. C. Petersen, J. F. Malec, E. Kokmen, E. Tangalos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Objective memory criteria for diagnosing age-associated memory impairment (AAMI), age-consistent memory impairment, and late-life forgetfulness (LLF) were applied to 523 cognitively normal older persons divided into 2 groups on the basis of the clinical memory assessment battery they received. Seventy-seven percent of Group 2 and 98% of Group 1 met the Crook et al. (1986) cognitive criteria for AAMI on at least 1 test. Rates based on individual tests varied from 7% to 96%. Objective-cognitive criteria for LLF were met by no members of Group 1 but by 31% of Group 2. Results suggest that, as proposed, the criteria for age-related diagnoses lack reliability. Concerns regarding the diagnosis of normal memory in older populations are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-558
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology and aging
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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