Age and Its Association with Low Insulin and High Amyloid-β Peptides in Blood

Huajie Li, Haihao Zhu, Max Wallack, Mkaya Mwamburi, Samer O. Abdul-Hay, Malcolm A. Leissring, Wei Qiao Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Age is the major risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), and modifying age-related factors may help to delay the onset of the disease. The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between age and the metabolic factors related to the risk of developing AD. The concentrations of insulin, amylin, and amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in plasma were measured. We further measured the activity of serum Aβ degradation by using fluorescein-and biotin-labeled Aβ40. Apolipoprotein E4 allele (ApoE4) and cognitive impairment were characterized. Subjects were divided into three age groups: 60-70, 70-80, and ≥80 years old. We found that the older the subjects, the lower the concentration of insulin (p=0.001) and the higher the concentration of Aβ1-40 (p=0.004) in plasma. However, age was not associated with the concentration of another pancreatic peptide, amylin, and only marginally with Aβ1-42. These relationships remained in the absence of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke, and regardless of the presence of ApoE4 and cognitive impairment. Both age and ApoE4 were inversely associated with, while insulin was positively associated with, the activities of Aβ degradation in serum. Our study suggested that low concentration of insulin and high concentration of Aβ40 are aging factors related to the risk of AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • ApoE4
  • Aβdegradation
  • age
  • insulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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