Adeno-associated virus-9 reverses delayed gastric emptying of solids in diabetic mice

Xiaojie Li, Sihan Ji, Gianluca Cipriani, Matthew L. Hillestad, Seth T. Eisenman, Michael A. Barry, Karl A. Nath, David R. Linden, Alec Wright, Shefaa AlAsfoor, Madhusudan Grover, Lei Sha, Linda C. Hsi, Gianrico Farrugia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gastroparesis is defined by delayed gastric emptying (GE) without obstruction. Studies suggest targeting heme oxygenase-1 (HO1) may ameliorate diabetic gastroparesis. Upregulation of HO1 expression via interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the gastric muscularis propria is associated with reversal of delayed GE in diabetic NOD mice. IL-10 activates the M2 cytoprotective phenotype of macrophages and induces expression of HO1 protein. Here, we assess delivery of HO1 by recombinant adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) in diabetic mice with delayed GE. Methods: C57BL6 diabetic delayed GE mice were injected with 1 × 1012 vg scAAV9-cre, scAAV9-GFP, or scAAV9-HO1 particles. Changes to GE were assessed weekly utilizing our [13C]-octanoic acid breath test. Stomach tissue was collected to assess the effect of scAAV9 treatment on Kit, NOS1, and HO1 expression. Key Results: Delayed GE returned to normal within 2 weeks of treatment in 7/12 mice receiving scAAV9-cre and in 4/5 mice that received the scAAV9-GFP, whereas mice that received scAAV9-HO1 did not respond in the same manner and had GE that took significantly longer to return to normal (6/7 mice at 4–6 weeks). Kit, NOS1, and HO1 protein expression in scAAV9-GFP-treated mice with normal GE were not significantly different compared with diabetic mice with delayed GE. Conclusions and Inferences: Injection of scAAV9 into diabetic C57BL6 mice produced a biological response that resulted in acceleration of GE independently of the cargo delivered by the AAV9 vector. Further research is needed to determine whether use of AAV mediated gene transduction in the gastric muscularis propria is beneficial and warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14669
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume35
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • adeno-associated virus
  • gastroparesis
  • heme oxygenase 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

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