Addressing Antibiotic Use for Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in an Academic Family Medicine Practice

Michael L. Grover, Jon T. Nordrum, Martina Mookadam, Richard L. Engle, Carolyn C. Moats, Brie N. Noble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to educate health care providers and patients to reduce overall antibiotic prescription rates for patients with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI). An interdisciplinary quality improvement team used the Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control quality improvement process to change patient expectations and provider antibiotic prescribing patterns. Providers received personal and group academic detailing about baseline behaviors, copies of treatment guidelines, and educational materials to use with patients. Get Smart About Antibiotics Week materials educated patients about appropriate antibiotic use. Providers collected demographic and clinical information about a case series of patients with ARTIs and their subsequent provision of antibiotics. In total, 241 patients with ARTIs were accrued. The antibiotic prescribing rate for patients aged 18 years and older was significantly reduced from 69% at baseline to 56% after interventions (95% confidence interval = 49.1%-63.4%; P<.001). Providers' prescribing behaviors significantly improved after multiple quality improvement interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Quality
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • antibacterial agents
  • primary health care
  • quality improvement
  • respiratory tract infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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