ABCs of Evidence-Based Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Prevention Strategies in Female Athletes

Dai Sugimoto, Gregory D. Myer, Lyle J. Micheli, Timothy E. Hewett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major concern in physically active females. Although ACL reconstruction techniques have seen significant advances in recent years, risk associated with re-injury and future osteoarthritis remains a major concern. Thus, prevention of ACL injury is a logical step to protect and preserve healthy knee joints in young athletes. The current report aims to summarize a list of evidence-based prevention strategies to reduce ACL injury in female athletes. A list of six critical principles, which come from documented, large-scale clinical trial studies and further analyses, were presented with ABC format including age, biomechanics, compliance, dosage, exercise, and feedback. Also, a grade for evidence and implications of future research are noted. Finally, in the conclusion section, importance of collaborative efforts from healthcare practitioners, researchers, and personnel associated with athletics is addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • ACL
  • Evidence-based
  • Female athletes
  • Prevention
  • Strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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