A systematic framework for analyzing observation data in patient-centered registries: Case study for patients with depression

Maryam Zolnoori, Mark D. Williams, William B. Leasure, Kurt B. Angstman, Che Ngufor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Patient-centered registries are essential in population-based clinical care for patient identification and monitoring of outcomes. Although registry data may be used in real time for patient care, the same data may further be used for secondary analysis to assess disease burden, evaluation of disease management and health care services, and research. The design of a registry has major implications for the ability to effectively use these clinical data in research. Objective: This study aims to develop a systematic framework to address the data and methodological issues involved in analyzing data in clinically designed patient-centered registries. Methods: The systematic framework was composed of 3 major components: visualizing the multifaceted and heterogeneous patient-centered registries using a data flow diagram, assessing and managing data quality issues, and identifying patient cohorts for addressing specific research questions. Results: Using a clinical registry designed as a part of a collaborative care program for adults with depression at Mayo Clinic, we were able to demonstrate the impact of the proposed framework on data integrity. By following the data cleaning and refining procedures of the framework, we were able to generate high-quality data that were available for research questions about the coordination and management of depression in a primary care setting. We describe the steps involved in converting clinically collected data into a viable research data set using registry cohorts of depressed adults to assess the impact on high-cost service use. Conclusions: The systematic framework discussed in this study sheds light on the existing inconsistency and data quality issues in patient-centered registries. This study provided a step-by-step procedure for addressing these challenges and for generating high-quality data for both quality improvement and research that may enhance care and outcomes for patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere18366
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Care coordination management
  • Collaborative care model
  • Integrated behavior health
  • Patient-centered registry
  • Systematic framework

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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