A phase i trial of KX2-391, a novel non-ATP competitive substrate-pocket- directed SRC inhibitor, in patients with advanced malignancies

Aung Naing, Roger Cohen, Grace K. Dy, David S. Hong, Lyn Dyster, David G. Hangauer, Rudolf Kwan, Gerald Fetterly, Razelle Kurzrock, Alex A. Adjei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Summary: Background Src kinase is central to tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis. KX2-391 is a synthetic, orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitor of Src tyrosine kinase (TK) signaling and tubulin polymerization. This compound is distinct from other Src kinase inhibitors by targeting the peptide substrate rather than the ATP binding site; the binding site on hetero-dimeric tubulin is novel and distinct from the taxanes and other known tubulin inhibitors. Methods This multicenter Phase I trial utilized a 4 + 2 study design to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of KX2-391 in patients with refractory solid tumors. Results Forty-four (44) patients (18 M, 26 F; median age, 59) were enrolled in 9 dose cohorts. Dose-limiting toxicities, all reversible within 7 days, occurred in 7 patients and consisted of elevated AST (n = 4), ALT (n = 2), neutropenia (n = 1), thrombocytopenia (n = 1), failure to thrive (n = 1) and anorexia (n = 1). The MTD is 40 mg BID continuously. Eleven patients had stable disease for ≥ 4 months, including patients with ovarian, carcinoid, papillary thyroid, prostate, pancreas and head and neck cancer. Patients with prostate and pancreatic cancer also had significant biomarker decreases (PSA, 205 ng/mL to 39 ng/mL; CA19-9, 38,838 U/mL to 267 U/mL). The ovarian cancer patient has had stable disease > 12 months. KX2-391 was orally available, rapidly absorbed, and exposure was proportional to dose across the range investigated. Conclusions KX2-391 has a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, is well tolerated, demonstrates preliminary evidence of biologic activity, and warrants further evaluation in Phase II trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)967-973
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • KX2-391
  • Ovarian
  • Phase I
  • Prostate
  • Src kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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