Background The proximal tibia is geometrically complex, asymmetrical, and variable, is heavily implicated in arthrokinematics of the knee joint, and thus a contributor to knee pathologies such as non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury. Medial, lateral, and coronal tibial slopes are anatomic parameters that may increase predisposition to knee injuries, but the extent to which each contributes has yet to be fully realized. Previously, two-dimensional methods have quantified tibial slopes, but more reliable 3D methods may prove advantageous. Aims (1) to explore the reliability of two-dimensional methods, (2) to introduce a novel three-dimensional measurement approach, and (3) to compare data derived from traditional and novel methods. Methods Medial, lateral, and coronal tibial slope geometry from both knees (left and right) of one subject were obtained via magnetic resonance images and measured by four trained observers from two-dimensional views. The process was repeated via three-dimensional approaches and data evaluated for intra- and inter-rater reliability. Results The conventional method presented a weaker Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) for the measured slopes (ranging from 0.43 to 0.81) while the resultant ICC for the proposed method indicated greater reliability (ranging from 0.84 to 0.97). Statistical analysis supported the novel approach for production of more reliable and repeatable results for tibial slopes. Conclusions The novel three-dimensional method for calculating tibial plateau slope may be more reliable than previously established methods and may be applicable in assessment of susceptibility to osteoarthritis, as part of anterior cruciate ligament injury risk assessment, and in total knee implant design.
- Tibial slope
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine