A New Plane Wave Compounding Scheme Using Phase Compensation for Motion Detection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Plane wave (PW) transmission has enabled multiple new applications, such as shear wave elastography, ultrafast Doppler imaging, and functional ultrasound imaging. PW compounding (PWC), which coherently sums the echo signals from multiple PW transmits with different angles, is widely used to improve B-mode image quality. When the motion between two speckle images is estimated, PWC suffers from an inherent displacement estimation error. This is derived theoretically and experimentally demonstrated in this work. We show that the phase difference between the acquired data with PW emissions with different angles is related to this error. When the absolute value of the phase difference is larger than <inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">pi </tex-math></inline-formula>/2, the displacement estimation error occurs. A new scheme, named initial-phase-compensated PWC (IPCPWC), is proposed, which compensates the phase of echo signals from each PW transmit and maintains the absolute value of the phase difference smaller than <inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">pi </tex-math></inline-formula>/2. The increased signal-to-noise ratio and reduced jitter of IPCPWC in motion data are demonstrated using tissue mimicking phantoms compared with PWC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-710
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022


  • Image quality
  • Image resolution
  • Imaging
  • Phantoms
  • Signal to noise ratio
  • Speckle
  • Ultrasonic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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