3D echocardiography: Reconstruction algorithm and diagnostic performance of resulting images

Marek Belohlavek, David A. Foley, James B. Seward, James F. Greenleaf

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


To date, 3D ultrasound imaging has been hampered by fractionated, job specific computer procedures, and the need for significant operator interaction. This paper presents our data processing algorithm for cardiac structure visualization from serial transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) images. Major steps in the algorithm are: 1) image registration, 2) histogram operations for contrast enhancement, 3) noise and speckle filtering, 4) segmentation of composite color Doppler flow images, and 5) coordinate system conversion and interpolation. Three-dimensional reconstructions of clinical TEE examinations were compared to the corresponding serial 2D scans using receiver operator characteristics (ROC) analysis. The results demonstrated significantly better trade-off between diagnostic sensitivity and specificity in the 3D method when compared to the original 2D tomograms. We conclude that 3D echocardiography based on our algorithm is clinically feasible. Moreover, the ROC analysis on a limited group of patients indicated that 3D imaging facilitated comprehension of complex anatomic relationships and diagnostic capabilities of conventional 2D TEE echocardiography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-692
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Sep 9 1994
EventVisualization in Biomedical Computing 1994 - Rochester, United States
Duration: Oct 4 1994Oct 7 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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